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Human resource tools and information whenyou need them

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By William H. Truesdell, SPHR, SHRM-SCP
Copyright 1998 - 2015 The Management Advantage, Inc.

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This information is intended to be a summary of laws and regulations applying to California employers. It should not be construed as legal advice. If further information is needed, please contact your labor attorney.
Subject to change without notice.

There are many misconceptions about what employees are legally "entitled" to receive in the form of Leaves of Absence. Some of the misconceptions have come from the wishful thinking of employees themselves. It is human nature to believe in what we wish to be true.

For business owners and managers, however, it is necessary to separate what is true from what is wishful thinking. In this report we present a summary of the basic leave requirements employers must meet. We also present a summary of the leave programs some employers elect to offer employees voluntarily. There are pros and cons in each possible alternative. Electing to offer vacation leave or personal leave, for example, must depend upon the specific business needs you face and how these programs (policies) will help you meet those needs. Each employer's organization is different in its requirements. That is why we encourage you to think through these decisions carefully, and consult your labor attorney before announcing any changes. Once the decision is made it is difficult to change. Not impossible, just difficult. And, you will find that once employee expectations have been set, not meeting them can result in some bad feelings toward the employer.

Federal versus State Requirements

Federal laws and regulations require certain employee leaves. State laws and regulations do the same sort of thing, but sometimes speak to different types of leaves to address different situations. That's why it is important for each employer to thoroughly review BOTH federal and state laws for the territories in which they operate.

Since addressing all fifty states is beyond the scope of this short report, we have elected to focus on federal requirements and show California as an example of state requirements.

List of Contents
(In Alphabetical Order)

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